How to manage challenging behaviors
By Dr. David Fischer, Licensed Psychologist (USA) and Behavioral Consultant of Autism Partnership Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often exhibit challenging behavioral problems such as tantrums, aggression, and non-compliance which are difficult to handle for school teachers and parents. What can teachers and parents do? Here are some tips to help you manage challenging behaviors:
- Stop and think before intervening to manage challenging behaviors.
- Attempt to understand the cause of a behavior. For example, a child whining in the candy aisle of the supermarket may simply want to gain access to an item or activity.
- Try to identify patterns in what occurs immediately before and (especially) in response to the disruptive behavior.
- After understanding the function of the behavior, you can follow below principles:
- Provide reinforcement to an individual for not engaging in the disruptive behavior. Having powerful reinforcement is the key to drive any intervention. Individuals with ASD are more likely to require additional external reinforcement.
- Provide appropriate praise when the correct behavior is performed. Reinforcement should be provided contingently. Contingently means that the reinforcement should be given for appropriate behavior.
- Decrease the reward for the disruptive behavior. For example, if the child whines in the supermarket, do not buy them the food that they want.
- Provide minimal attention to disruptive behavior. As a general guideline, provide as little attention as needed (positive or negative). However, if there is an unsafe situation occurring, then you should do what is necessary to keep everyone safe.
- Teach the child an appropriate alternative behavior. For example, you may need to teach the child appropriate language, i.e. Would you please buy me the candy?, to replace the whining behavior. Without teaching the alternative behavior, the disruptive behavior will be less likely to improve or a different problematic behavior will take its place.
- Be consistent with the intervention.